They are beautiful, respected, loved and … strongly committed to a quality, sustainability approach, the French sites which carry the label “Grands sites de France”, awarded by the State.
Brittany has three citations: Pointe du Raz, the wild dunes of Gâvres in Quiberon and Cap Fréhel, twinned with that of Erquy …
As for the “Regional natural parks”, they are committed to sustainable economic development around strong values: b[people, attachment to the land and preservation of the environment.
In marine parks, it is not uncommon to come across dolphins, gray seals and even basking sharks that eat only … plankton.
Three of France’s major sites
At Pointe du Raz and Cap Sizun, Finistère fully justifies its name: the end of the land is celebrated in a parade of capes and promontories.
This coastline has mythical highlights Raz and Van points. Classified “Great site of France”, it rises to some 70 meters in height.
Sculpted by the ocean and the winds, it alone is worth the trip to the region. Opposite it, the square lighthouse on the islet of La Vieille, lit in 1887 was automated in 1995. Beyond the rocks and the sea, the panorama on the open sea allows you to admire the island of Sein and on a clear day, Ar Men’s lighthouse.
As moored to the Atlantic, the great site Gâvres-Quiberon is, with its 2,500 hectares, the largest natural area on the Brittany coast and its largest dune massif.
This oceanic and wild landscape shelters an exceptional flora and fauna. The long cord of dunes stretches in one piece over 35 kilometers. We discover there several kinds of dunes: mobile dunes, which evolve with the wind and the tides, gray dunes where a short vegetation proliferates, dunes perched on the wild coast of Quiberon.
Pink sandstone cliffs, moors and wild beaches, pine woods, emerald sea and villages of character … These are the Caps of Erquy and Fréhel ! This protected natural site is home to many plant species and is a delight for seabirds.
Regional Natural Parks in Brittany
The Regional Natural Parks of France are committed to the sustainable economic development of their territory which revolves around three strong values: people, preservation of the environment and attachment to the land.
The hosts ” Values Regional natural park Welcome and share their knowledge of the area.
The Gulf of Morbihan, the Brière marshes, the territory of Armorica or the Iroise Sea are all fragile natural sites where the balance between human activities and the richness of biodiversity must be preserved. Many species shelter there.
On foot, by bike, on horseback, by donkey or by boat, the Armorica territory is an ideal playground for hiking. 500 kilometers of circuits lead through expanses of moors, forests, sunken paths and coastal paths for walks according to all tastes and levels.
To discover : the Monts d’Arree, one of the highest peaks in Brittany where the rocky points coexist with the heather and gorse moors. The islands of Iroise, Ouessant, Sein and Molène. The Crozon peninsula with contrasting landscapes between pine forests and small coves. First of the French marine parks, the Iroise Sea has everything to seduce: dunes, cliffs, archipelagos, moors, rocky bottom … It offers a sports discovery area of 3,500 m² (surfing, kayaking, windsurfing). It also gives the chance to cross paths with a gray seal or a colony of dolphins that find refuge in the park.
Between small rocky coves on the Gulf side, fine sandy beaches on the Atlantic side and hedged farmland, the “Mor Bihan”, a small sea in Breton, offers all the attractions. The Regional Natural Park of the Gulf of Morbihan is a whole that requires time, which encourages strolling, observation.
To see off the beaten track: the Cairn of Gavrinis, a real journey back in time, at the time of the Neolithic. The site shelters a dolmen whose galleries are covered with superb engravings.
They love Brittany
Emblematic but wild, the Bottlenose dolphin can travel up to 100 kilometers per day. This gray-coated cetacean is sedentary in nature.
Some 400 individuals live in the Norman-Breton Gulf and transit in the bay of Mon-Saint-Michel. They represent the largest population in Europe here.
Spring and summer are the best seasons to meet the basking shark. He swims calmly on the surface not far from the coasts of Morbihan between Groix and Ploemeur, or Houat and Quiberon. It can also be seen near the Glénan or in the Iroise Sea.
The gray seal is comfortable in the waters of Iroise. Dark coat is a male, light and spotted coat, a female. They enjoy the waters of the Iroise Marine Natural Park, where the largest colony in France lives. If the numbers are at their peak in winter for moulting, we can observe them all year round, especially at rest on the rocky islets of Sein, Molène or on the side of Pointe de Penmarc’h.
The basking shark was once fished for the oil from his liver which was used to power lamps or to make soap. It is now considered a threatened species by the International Union. It lives, protected, in Breton waters and feeds only on plankton.
The puffin monk, “Sea parrot” with its large, colorful beak is a “survivor”. Hunts, oil spills, global warming have largely decimated the species. Today, only 150 to 300 couples live in the last visible colony in Brittany (and in France) in the protected nature reserve of the Seven Islands.
Plump, hooked beak, black and white suit, the penguin twisted is one of the rarest and most endangered seabirds in France, even if it can fly. Fearful, it is difficult to approach. It has its spring habits on the Breton coasts, especially in the archipelago of the Seven Islands, where it nests from February to July and in Douarnenez Bay sheltered from storms.
The Gannet is the star of the Sept-Îles archipelago. Tapered white body, chamois yellow head, blue beak, it is as beautiful as noisy … It can be approached on a boat trip to the Sept-Îles nature reserve. It is there, more particularly on Rouzic, that the only breeding colony of France of this giant of the seas (1.70 m wide!) Lives.
Labels, guarantees of sustainable tourism
European Ecolabel, The Green Key, Green Globe, Panda Gîtes, Going green, Eco-gîte, Natural owl, Ethic stopover, Farmer welcome…
Focusing on the protection of biodiversity, the enhancement of the natural environment and species, all these labels are plethora in Brittany.
Here are three significant definitions:
– Issued by “Cap France”, the label “ Nature Owl Is attributed to the holiday villages which are committed to being in harmony with their natural environment. The consumption of water and energy is controlled, the cleaning products are ecological, the systematic sorting of waste. Their commitment also includes the promotion of local products (food, plants, etc.) and activities in the wild.
– As indicated by his name, “ Green globe Is a global, independent certification, targeting all tourism businesses: accommodation, restaurants, leisure parks. It takes into account the three aspects of sustainable development: the economy, the environment and the social. Its strong point is to reason in a process of continuous improvement, by supporting tourism businesses on the path to environmental and social management of their “in progress” activities!
– The Green key, an international environmental management label for tourist accommodation, is awarded by the Foundation for Environmental Education to the most dynamic structures in terms of environmental management. It is distinguished by the awareness of customers and staff on the protection of their environment, the development of spaces, the management of water, energy and waste.
And for all the info across Brittany, accommodation, excursions, discoveries on foot, on horseback, by bike, crossings, circuits, points of interest, etc. : tourismebretagne.com (tour operators, pros and disabled).
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